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Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen dan Oksigen | Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida

Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen dan Oksigen | Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida – Pada materi kimia kelas X Semester 2 ini, saya ambil materi mengenai Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida dalam bab Kekhasan Atom Karbon. Disini nanti kita akan fokus dalam belajar Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen dan karbon dengan oksigen. Jika ada pertanyaan, silahkan hubungi saya via kontak atau facebook.

Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen dan Oksigen | Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida

Kelebihan dan Kekurangan Teori Asam Basa Arrhenius Bronsted Lowry Lewis Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen dan Oksigen | Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida

Kun Khuriya : Guru Kimia

Pengertian hidrokarbon adalah senyawa yang mengandung atom C dan H atau karbon dan hidrogen.

Pengertian karboksida adalah senyawa yang mengandung atom C dan O atau karbon dan oksigen.

Atom C atau karbon nomor atom 6, sehingga konfigurasi elektronnya 2.4

Angka 4 sebagai elektron valensi dari atom karbon, sehingga atom C mempunyai 4 tangan untuk berikatan dengan atom lain. Digambarkan seperti berikut :

Hidrokarbon Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen dan Oksigen | Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida

1. Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen

Senyawa antara karbon dengan hidrogen disebut senyawa hidrokarbon. Hidrokarbon yang paling sederhana adalah metana dengan rumus molekul CH4. Disini tangan karbon dipakai untuk berikatan dengan H sebanyak 4, sehingga sudah maksimal. Jadi tidak ada lagi atm yang dapat berikatan dengan C, karena semua tangan sudah digunakan.

Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen dan Oksigen | Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida

Ikatan Karbon dengan Oksigen dan Hidrogen | Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida

2. Ikatan Karbon dengan Oksigen

Senyawa antara karbon dan oksigen disebut senyawa karboksida.

Atom O memiliki nomor atom 8, sehingga elektron valensinya adalah 6 karena konfigurasi elektron O adalah 2.6. Struktur lewis digambarkan sebagai berikut :

Karboksida Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen dan Oksigen | Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida

Dari gambar di atas, atom O agar stabil harus berikatan dengan 2 elektron milik C, sebagai contoh gambar diatas adalah CO2 berikatan rangkap dua.

Ikatan Karbon dengan Hidrogen dan Oksigen | Hidrokarbon dan Karboksida

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