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Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2 - Pada kesempatan ini, saya akan kembali meneruskan materi pelajaran kimia Kelas XI semester 2. Sebelumnya, sudah saya bahas secara detail mengenai Teori Asam Basa Arrhenius. Nah, ternyata teori tersebut hanya bisa digunakan untuk pelarut air saja, padahal pelarut itu banyak sekali macamnya. Teori ini diperbaharui oleh Johannes N. Bronsted dan Thomas M. Lowy. Mereka berdua mendefinisikan asam basa dapat diterapkan untuk pelarut selain air. Ok, akan saya jelaskan mendetail dan lengkap.

Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

Materi sebelumnya semangat Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2 Teori Asam Basa Arrhenius | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

Asam menurut Bronsted Lowry adalah molekul atau ion yang dapat mendonorkan proton ke molekul atau ion yang lain, atau senyawa yang memberikan ion H+ atau proton atau sebagai donor proton.

Basa menurut Bronsted Lowry adalah molekul atau ion yang menerima atau akseptor molekul atau ion yang lain, senyawa yang menerima ion H+ atau proton atau akseptor proton.

Contoh :

HNO3 + F- <-> HF + NO3-

HSO4- + CO32- <-> HCO3- + SO42-

Merah = asam ; Biru = basa

Contoh lain :

Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

Dalam gambar di atas, H2O sebagai asam karena telah memberikan proton ke NH3 dan di akhir reaksi terbentuk NH4+. Ion OH- dalam gambar di atas bertindak sebagai basa disebabkan menerima proton dari NH4+

Zat yang memiliki sifat asam sekaligus memiliki sifat basa disebut dengan amfiprotik.

SMA Kelas XI Semester 2 Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

Gambar atas, H2O sebagai basa sedangkan yang bawah H2O sebagai asam.

Perpindahan proton dari satu partikel ke partikel yang lain disebut dengan protolisis sedangkan perpindahan proton di dalam molekul air itu sendiri dinamakan autoprotolisis.

Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

Pengertian asam basa konjugat

Pengertian asam konjugasi adalah basa yang menerima 1 proton atau ion H+

Pengertian basa konjugasi adalah asam yang melepaskan 1 proton atau ion H+

Contoh :

SMA Kelas XI Semester 21 Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

Ok, sementara itu dulu ya teman-teman. Next saya lanjutkan lagi dengan Teori Asam Basa Lewis. Tunggu ya kaget Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

About DaddySunSek

Seorang laki-laki sederhana dari Kota Gaplek, Wonogiri. Pernah belajar di Universitas Negeri Semarang dan kini mengajar Kimia di SMA Islam Al Azhar 7 Solo Baru, Sukoharjo. Selain mengabdi di dunia pendidikan, saya juga aktif di dunia Internet Marketing. Salam Sukses dari Wonogiri View all posts by DaddySunSek →

11 Responses to Teori Asam Basa Bronsted Lowry | Kimia SMA Kelas XI Semester 2

  1. Thanks, berguna ilmunya.
    Maju terusssss :D

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